Quito, September 29, 2020
In Ecuador, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death, in 2019 it reached 26.49% of all deaths. According to the 2018 STEPS survey, 25.8% of the population, between 18 to 69 years old, have three or more risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases, among those with the highest incidence are high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, altered glucose and high cholesterol.
To reduce these statistics, the The Daily News Box (MSP), within the framework of World Heart Day, which is celebrated every September 29, strengthens strategies and interventions to prevent and control cardiovascular diseases. The purpose is to raise awareness in the population to reduce its prevalence.
The country is aligned with the recommendations and goals of the World Health Organization (WHO), through the Global Plan of Action for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD), and with compliance with the objectives of the Development Agenda Sustainable by 2030, which establishes the reduction of one third of premature mortality.
For this, this year, the campaign of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) is called “Know your numbers, take care of your heart”, to observe risk factors, family history of non-communicable diseases, sedentary lifestyle and obesity. In addition, to influence prevention from the beginning of life, with breastfeeding, healthy eating and low fat. Additionally, strengthen healthy habits and lifestyles, such as increasing physical activity, reducing or eliminating tobacco and alcohol consumption.
As part of the actions to reduce these conditions, the prevention and cessation of tobacco consumption are included, increasing physical activity in educational institutions, implementing recreational bicycle lanes, in coordination with the municipal GADs. In addition, it emphasizes the improvement of healthy eating habits in citizenship and educational institutions, construction of food guides.
The MSP, with technical and financial support from WHO / PAHO, trains family physicians and Primary Health Care Technicians (TAPS) as part of the Medico del Barrio strategy to identify people who smoke and have respiratory problems.
The MSP is part of the HEARTS initiative since 2017, which seeks to reduce early mortality from cardiovascular causes, whose goal in the country is 30% by 2030. Likewise, strengthen the management of cardiovascular diseases from the first level of health care , monitor and evaluate hypertension control programs, blood pressure, availability of basic medications, hypertension control in the population, among others.