Up to 850,000 unknown viruses can infect humans
Up to 850,000 viruses that live in mammals and birds could eventually infect humans. An international study ensures that preventing pandemics through the fight against climate change and the loss of biodiversity is a hundred times cheaper than facing outbreaks such as COVID-19.
The report of the Intergovernmental Science and Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) estimates the damage caused by pandemics at more than a trillion dollars annually.
Scientists explain that the risk of pandemics is increasing rapidly, with more than five new diseases emerging in people each year that have the potential to spread.
The study warns that in the future, pandemics will emerge even more frequently, spread more rapidly, cost more, and kill more people than COVID-19 unless the approach to addressing infectious diseases changes.
To prevent these diseases from becoming pandemics, experts outline strategies based on reducing wildlife trade, changing land use, and increasing surveillance. that would cost between 40,000 and 50,0000 million dollars a year, much less than it costs to contain a global epidemic.
World Bank / Nonie Reyes Edit
The La Niña weather phenomenon has settled in the Pacific. The World Meteorological Organization expect this year’s episode to be moderate to intense.
The last time an intense episode was recorded was in 2010-2011, followed by a moderate episode in 2011-2012.
La Niña is a phenomenon that produces a large-scale cooling of the ocean surface temperature in the central and eastern parts of the equatorial Pacific, in addition to other changes in winds, pressure and precipitation.
However, that The cooling effect is now “more than offset by the heat trapped in the atmosphere by greenhouse gases”, He said General secretary WMO Petteri Taalas. “2020 is still on track to be one of the warmest years on record,” he added.
The effects on regional climates may vary depending on the time of year and other factors, so WMO recommends that governments consult the most recent seasonal forecasts.
At least 140 people drown off the coast of Senegal while trying to reach the Canary Islands
At least 140 people have drowned after a boat carrying 200 migrants sank off the coast of Senegal. It is the deadliest shipwreck recorded in 2020, according to the International Organization for Migration.
The boat left Mbour on the coast of Senegal last Saturday and was heading to the Canary Islands. The ship caught fire a few hours after departure and sank near Saint-Louis, on the northwest coast of the African country.
According to press reports, Senegalese and Spanish vessels and fishermen who were nearby They rescued 59 people and recovered the bodies of another 20.
The head of the IOM in Senegal, Bakary Doumbia, has expressed his dismay at these events and stressed that it is important to “advocate for legal channels that harm the business model of traffickers and prevent people from dying. “
The Organization warned of a “significant” increase in vessels leaving from western Africa for the Canary archipelago. In September alone, 14 ships left with a total of 663 migrants. The IOM estimates that this year some 11,000 people have arrived in the Canary Islands, compared to the 2,557 registered in the same period in 2019 but well below the 32,000 that arrived in 2006. In 2020 alone, 414 people have lost their lives on this route.
WHO highlights the response to COVID-19 in Bogotá, Lima and Buenos Aires
CINU Bogota / José Ríos
The World Health Organization highlighted the response to the pandemic in cities such as Bogotá, Lima and Buenos Aires where, although COVID-19 has hit hard, people and leaders have come together to fight the virus.
During a virtual event by the World Cities Day , which is commemorated on October 31, the director general of the WHO, praised the measures aimed not only at controlling the outbreaks, but also at counteracting adverse effects on the health and well-being of the population.
“The The city of Bogotá has taken care of the health of its citizens expanding the ways to get around safely on foot or by bicycle, ”said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus,
Of Lime, WHO highlights which “is strengthening its infrastructure network with 50km of bicycle lanes and additional parking spaces.”
In Buenos Aires, the Organization has underlined work in Villa 20, an informal settlement in which 30,000 people live. There, interventions have been carried out to cover the health, economic and social needs of the population. “The result has been fewer confirmed cases and deaths,” they say.
Amina Mohammed virtually visits Colombia
UN Verification Mission in Colombia
The UN Deputy Secretary General makes a two-day “virtual visit” to Colombia.
In this mission, the first of its kind due to the pandemic, Amina Mohammed holds meetings with senior Colombian officials, including President Iván Duque, to discuss the role of women in the country’s peace process.
In addition, the Deputy Secretary virtually visited two UN projects in the country that support the work of the women in access to justice and economic reincorporation and civil life of the ex-combatants of the FARC-EP.
During that visit, Amina Mohammed spoke with several beneficiaries of the projects, who raised the need to continue empowering women to overcome the obstacles that hinder the implementation of the Peace Agreement signed four years ago by the government and the FARC-EP. They also advocated continuing the search for truth and justice in the case of those who disappeared during the conflict.
The program of the deputy secretary general, which will conclude Thursday afternoon, includes a meeting with women human rights defenders.