• Sun. Oct 17th, 2021

The Daily News Box

News and Entertainment

Nicaragua, hurricanes, fight against AIDS, COVID in Africa … Thursday’s news

ByMicheal Johnson

Jun 6, 2021

The representative for Central America of the Human Rights Office has rejected the arrest warrant, disqualification from public office and the criminal prosecution against Cristiana Chamorro, one of the main presidential candidates in Nicaragua.

“There can be no free and credible elections without guaranteeing the human rights of all candidates and voters, ”says Alberto Albrunori in a video posted on Twitter, referring to the elections scheduled for November. “The actions of the public prosecutor and the judicial body contain elements that give the impression of being arbitrary and of wanting to prevent her from exercising her right to political participation running for the November elections ”.

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The Office considers that these measures “together with the dissolution of the political parties, the continued attacks on the press and the criminal prosecution of the members of the Violeta Barro de Chamorro Foundation describe a grim scenario for human rights”. The representative reiterates his request to the Government of Nicaragua to “guarantee a democratic electoral process in which all political sensitivities are reflected and that attacks against the opposition, the independent press and civil society cease.”

The rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders has also urged the Government to “put an end to the increasing attacks and arbitrary arrests” against these activists. Mary Lawlor denounces that it has been unleashed “A new wave” of arrests and attacks by the State security forces in the framework of the third anniversary of the social demonstrations.

The rapporteur intervened after the arrest of two defenders, Celia Cruz and John Christopher Cerna Zúñiga, who allegedly suffered ill-treatment in prison.



Emiliano Tux Chub

Damage caused by hurricanes Eta and Iota in the Guatemalan city of San Pedro Carcha.

The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs for Latin America and the Caribbean is working with UN representatives in the region and with the international community as a whole to prepare for a hurricane season that is expected to be intense, the UN spokesperson reported in his daily meeting with the press.

Stephan Dujarric explained that the United States Oceanographic and Meteorological Administration projects between 13 and 20 names for meteors in the Atlantic, including three to five large-scale hurricanes.

Dujarric said the UN carries out technical work on the ground and elaborates plans for information management and financing, as well as for civil and military coordination, “crucial areas in emergencies”.

He added that the preparation also includes identify local organizations and work with them.

“In view of the COVID-19 pandemic and the increasing numbers of cases in the region, preparation includes remote support,” the spokesperson explained.

From 2016 to 2020, some 27 million people were impacted by storms and floods in the region, a figure more than six times higher than in the previous five years, 2011-2015.



© UNICEF / Karin Schermbrucker

An HIV positive woman and her baby take their antiretroviral medication daily in Mbarara, western Uganda.

Time is running out to achieve the goal of ending AIDS by 2030 and progress is being “too slow”, warns new UNAIDS report.

Some of the targets set for 2020 have not been achieved and the COVID pandemic makes it even more difficult to reach the goal unless countries make new, more ambitious commitments.

The report also shows important progress. Worldwide, the number of people in treatment has more than tripled since 2010, topping 27.4 million in 2020.

However, in 2020, 1.5 million people were infected with HIV, a figure that triples the goal of achieving fewer than 500,000 infections. In addition, the target “90-90-90”: that 90% of HIV-positive people knew that they were carriers and that the same percentage took antiretrovirals and did not have a viral load. However, those percentages are currently 84%, 73%, and 66%, respectively. Not reaching them has a huge human cost: since 2015, An additional 3.2 million people became infected and one million people died of AIDS-related causes.

“Sadly, globally, these goals have not been achieved. But to see what really happens we have to reel off the results and then we see dozens of countries met or exceeded 2020 targets and this includes developing countries or countries with major epidemics such as Eswatini and Zimbabwe. This proves that the objectives They weren’t just aspirations, they were achievable. Where investments have lived up to ambitions, progress has been made, ”said the director of UNAIDS, Winnie Byanyima, who urges world leaders to commit to new goals at the General Assembly’s High-Level Meeting on AIDS, to be held next week.

The threat of a third wave of COVID-19 in Africa is “real and increasing”



MINUSCA / Screenshot

An artist in the Central African Republic paints ways to protect yourself from COVID-19.

The threat of a third wave of COVID-19 in Africa “is real and it is increasing”, while the shortage of vaccines continues warns the World Health Organization.

The Organization ensures that non-compliance with public health measures, increased population movement and interactions, and the arrival of winter in southern Africa increase the risk of a resurgence of COVID-19 in many countries.

In the last two weeks, cases are up 20%. The pandemic has an upward trend in 14 countries and only in the last week, eight countries have experienced increases of more than 30% in cases. Uganda suffered a rise of 131%.

Vaccines are in short supply and shipments are shrinking. Burkina Faso received just 115,000 doses of COVAX this week, while Rwanda and Togo each got around 100,000 doses of vaccines from Pfizer. Almost 20 countries have already used more than two-thirds of the doses that are available to them. COVAX is in talks with several manufacturers, as well as countries that have vaccinated their high-risk groups to share doses.



UNDP Cuba

Many of the maglar forests in Cuba are degrading.

A report from UN Environment Program and FAO calls on countries to restore at least 1 billion hectares of degraded land, an area the size of China, in the next decade.

The study, Join the #GenerationRestoration: Restoring Ecosystems for People, Nature and Climate, highlights that humanity is using around 1.6 times the amount of resources that nature can provide in a sustainable way.

“That means conservation efforts alone are insufficient to avoid the collapse of ecosystems and the loss of biodiversity on a large scale ”, he warns.

Degradation is already affecting the well-being of approximately 3.2 billion people (40% of the world’s population), including some of the poorest and most marginalized communities.

The cost of land restoration, not including marine ecosystems, is estimated to be at least $ 200 billion annually through 2030. However, every dollar invested in restoration generates up to $ 30 in economic benefits.